john paul caponigro, substrates, digital printing, photo technique

Selecting the Right Substrate

PHOTO Techniques, Mastering Digital Techniques, 2003
written by: John Paul Caponigro

The substrate you select has a profound effect on both the aesthetic and technical aspects of a print. You can’t underestimate the impact that the material and surface characteristics of a substrate have on the presentation of an image. There’s a fundamental difference between plastic and natural fiber that can be seen and felt. Since looking is a sensual act, the sensual qualities of your prints are key ingredients in the experience of looking at them. When selecting a substrate, choose one that suits your images’ content and/or your artistic intent. Many choices available The astonishing array of choices available Read more »


Infared I-Black and White

PHOTO Techniques, Jan/Feb 2003
written by: John Paul Caponigro

It looks like another world, yet it’s not. Opening a window into a spectrum we can’t see with the naked eye, infrared photography shows us our world in an extraordinary light. The human eye is sensitive to a range of light between 400–700nm (nanometers). Infrared exposure favors frequencies between 780-900nm, frequencies the human eye can’t see. Although we can’t see it, we are surrounded by, and often use, infrared light on a daily basis. Today, many household and office devices use infrared transmissions—remote controls, security alarms, printers, and laptop computers, to name just a few. To be sure, rendering the Read more »


Dye Ink vs. Pigment Ink: How to Choose What’s Best for You

PHOTO Techniques: Mastering Digital Technique, 2003
written by: John Paul Caponigro

When it comes to selecting ink for your Epson inkjet printer, you have two choices: dye or pigment. A closer look at the qualities of each will help you distill the choice down to the essentials. If you seek more saturation (gamut), density of black (Dmax), lower metamerism (color shifts when viewed under different light temperatures), and durability (pigmented ink is prone to scuffing and burnishing), choose a dye-based ink (Epson Photographic Dye Ink). If it’s longevity you seek, choose a pigment-based ink. Archival ratings increase and fading is reduced—for example, Epson Photographic Dye Ink (32 years), Epson UltraChrome (80 Read more »